Principles of Wing Chun Defense

by SiFu William Cheung
Last Updated: 13 March, 2014
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PRINCIPLE NO. 1

     The first principle in wing chun defense is to protect your central line. It's important to force the opponent to use the outside path to attack, which is longer than going straight in. By forcing your opponent to use the outside path, he is restricted to using one arm at a time. While operating on the central line, you are allowed to utilize two arms at the same time.

PRINCIPLE NO. 2

      It is also important to watch the opponent's lead elbow for punches or his knee for kicks. With a straight punch, the elbow will travel two-and-a-half times slower than the fist. If he throws a circular punch, the elbow will travel at least four times slower than the fist. The elbow is also more visible and can be focused on more easily. Likewise, focusing on the knee would be advantageous to guard against kicks.

PRINCIPLE NO. 3

     You must learn how to fight on the blind side. To do this, you must control your elbow and align your centerline parallel to your opponent's shoulders. By doing this, you can control the opponent's balance, neutralize his free arm and create an opening for attack.

PRINCIPLE NO. 4

      Attacking the opponent's weaknesses (balance, opening, elbow and arms cross) is No. 4.

PRINCIPLE NO. 5

      Do not fight with force. By avoiding this, you will move more swiftly, keep better balance and maintain better coordination. Also, you can exploit the opponent's force to your own advantage.

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